Opera in four acts (eight tableaux)

Composer Giuseppe Verdi · Libretto by Salvatore Cammarano, finished by Leone Emanuele Bardare, after "El trovador" by Antonio García Gutiérrez
In Italian with German and English surtitles

Monday, 01. July 2013
07:00 pm – 09:50 pm

Duration est. 2 hours 50 minutes · 1. + 2. Akt (est. 07:00 pm - 08:15 pm ) · Interval (est. 08:15 pm - 08:45 pm ) · 3. + 4. Akt (est. 08:45 pm - 09:50 pm )

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Paolo Carignani
Olivier Py
Set Design
Pierre-André Weitz
Bertrand Killy
Sören Eckhoff

Conte di Luna
Alexey Markov
Anja Harteros
Elena Manistina
Jonas Kaufmann
Kwangchul Youn
Golda Schultz
Francesco Petrozzi
Ein Zigeuner
Rafal Pawnuk
Ein Bote
Joshua Stewart
  • Bayerisches Staatsorchester
  • Chorus and extra chorus of the Bayerische Staatsoper
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"If you travel to India and to Central Africa, you'll hear Trovatore.“ Nine years after the triumphant first performance, Verdi's opera had achieved the worldwide popularity that moved the composer to make this comment. The fabric of the opera could hardly be more gloomy: a gypsy who wishes to avenge the death of her mother at the stake, a count who wishes to use the execution of this gypsy to strike at his rival; a horrifying truth that is revealed at the moment of death. All the ingredients of Verdi's dramatic abundance appear here: mysterious sound worlds, harsh contrasts, vocal brilliance, opulent tableaux. The cohesive narrative style gives way to the variation of suggestive musical images with which Verdi served "the most important part of the drama“: revenge.


Past History

Count di Luna, meanwhile deceased, had two sons. One day a gypsy was discovered standing beside the cradle of the younger son. When the child subsequently became ill, the woman was condemned to death at the stake for being a witch. The gypsy’s daughter, Azucena, thereupon abducted Luna’s younger son in order to burn him to death in the same place and thus take revenge for her mother’s death. However she mistook her own son for the boy she had abducted. In his place she raised Luna’s younger son as her own child and called him Manrico.

Civil war has broken out in Spain in connection with the crown of Aragon. Luna’s elder son is now the Count di Luna and is fighting on the side of the king. Manrico has joined the rebels.

Part One: The Duel

Ferrando, a captain in Luna’s army, tells the men in his service the story of the burning of the old gypsy and her daughter’s act of revenge. He is convinced that the old woman’s spirit is still haunting the earth.

Leonora is awaiting the arrival of her favourite suitor, the troubadour Manrico. She tells Ines how she met him at a tournament. Count di Luna, who is also in love with Leonora, declares his love. When Manrico’s voice is heard and Leonora hurries to meet him, she finds Luna, whom she has mistaken for Manrico in the darkness. Manrico and Luna realize that they are not only rivals for Leonora’s affection  but also political opponents. They challenge each other to a duel.

Part Two: The Gypsy

Manrico has defeated Luna in the duel but was held back from killing him by an inner voice. In the ensuing struggle with Luna’s men he has been wounded. Azucena tells him the story of how her mother was burnt at the stake and her own act of revenge in which she burnt her own child instead of Luna’s son. She reacts with excuses to Manrico’s doubts and questions as to whether he is really her son. A messenger announces that Leonora, believing Manrico to be dead, has decided to enter a nunnery. Manrico decides to prevent this from happening.

Leonora mourns the death of Manrico. Luna has also heard about his beloved’s plans to become a nun and intends to abduct her. Manrico and his men, however, successfully seize Luna’s weapons and flee with Leonora.

Part Three: The Gypsy’s Son

Manrico has taken refuge with Leonora in a castle, which Luna’s soldiers are preparing to storm. Azucena has been taken prisoner, accused of being a spy. Ferrando recognizes her as the gypsy who abducted the count’s brother. When Azucena desperately calls out for Manrico it becomes clear to Luna that he has the mother of his deadly enemy in his power.

Manrico and Leonora are preparing their wedding when Ruiz, a soldier in his service, informs them that Azucena has been taken prisoner. Manrico calls his followers to arms and sets out to free the woman he believes to be his mother.

Part Four: The Execution

Manrico’s attempt to free Azucena has failed. He has also been taken prisoner. When Leonora hears that Luna is planning to have mother and son executed she begs him to set Manrico free and offers herself as the reward for Luna’s mercy. The latter agrees. Leonora secretly takes some poison in order not to have to keep her promise.

Manrico comforts Azucena, who longs to return home. Leonora urges him to flee immediately – she herself will remain, however. Manrico suspects what price she has paid to save him. Leonora dies. Luna realizes he has been deceived. He has Manrico executed immediately and forces Azucena to watch. She discloses the truth to him: „He was your brother!“

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Paolo Carignani, geboren in Mailand, studierte am Konservatorium seiner Heimatstadt Komposition, Orgel, Klavier und Orchesterdirektion. Zudem nahm er an der International Conductor Masterclass in Hilversum teil. Seither dirigierte er u. a. an den Opernhäusern von New York, Toronto, Tokio, Brüssel, Barcelona, Paris, Wien, Berlin, London, Kopenhagen, Rom, Bologna, Neapel und Genua sowie bei den Bregenzer Festspielen, dem Rheingau Musik Festival, beim Glyndebourne Festival und beim Rossini Festival in Pesaro. Von 1999 bis 2008 war er Generalmusikdirektor an der Oper Frankfurt. An der Bayerischen Staatsoper dirigierte er bisher u. a. La traviata, Don Carlo, Macbeth, Norma und Un ballo in maschera. (Stand: 2019)

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