Ballet in two acts and six scenes
Choreography Marius Petipa / Patrice Bart · Composer Ludwig Minkus
Thursday, 10. April 2014
07:30 pm – 10:05 pm
Duration est. 2 hours 35 minutes · 1. Akt (est. 07:30 pm - 08:40 pm ) · Interval (est. 08:40 pm - 09:10 pm ) · 2. Akt (est. 09:10 pm - 10:05 pm )
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- Musikalische Leitung
- Myron Romanul
- Marius Petipa
- Patrice Bart
- Bühne und Kostüme
- Tomio Mohri
- Maurizio Montobbio
- Musikalische Einrichtung
- Maria Babanina
- Wolfgang Oberender
- Daria Sukhorukova
- Evgenia Dolmatova
- Maxim Chashchegorov
- Peter Jolesch
- Norbert Graf
- Elaine Underwood
- Das Goldene Idol
- Tigran Mikayelyan
- 1. Variation
- Lisa-Maree Cullum
- 2. Variation
- Katherina Markowskaja
- 3. Variation
- Luiza Bernardes Bertho
- Soloists and corps de ballet of the Bavarian State Ballet
- Bayerisches Staatsorchester
La Bayadère was the first work in a series of successful reconstructions of 19th century repertory which has been completed with Paquita in December 2014.
Created in 1877, La Bayadère is a mixture of an exotic tale, a thriller and a celebration of virtuosity. At its center are the two lovers: the priestess, the Bayadère, Nikija and the soldier Solor. The latter however is promised in marriage to Gamzatti, the daughter of the Radja, whilst the Great Brahman has fallen in love with his priestess Nikija. Nikija falls victim to murder by her rival and Solor dreams himself into the 'Kingdom of Shades' in order to be reunited with his love. What follows is one of the most famous, magnificent white acts in ballet history.
Scene One: In front of the temple
The Great Brahmin, his priests and the temple dancers, called Bayadères, assemble for the festivities of the Holy Fire. The last to appear is Nikiya, the noblest and holiest of the Bayadères. The Great Brahmin vows Love to her, but she refuses him. Solor, a rich and noble warrior of royal caste, is on his way to a hunt. While he sends on his friends he secretly awaits Nikiya. Solor and Nikiya confess their love. The Bayadère demands of him his vow of fidelity. The Great Brahmin who has witnessed the meeting of the lovers desperately swears revenge.
Scene Two: In the palace of the Rajah
The Rajah announces to his daughter Gamzatti that her wedding with Solor, to whom she has been betrothed since childhood, will soon take place. She is enchanted by Solor, but does not understand why he behave in such a restrained way towards her. After a few dancers presented some entertainment the Great Brahmin appears to confess a secret to the Rajah. He tells him of the forbidden love between Nikiya and Solor, hoping that the Rajah might dispose of Solor. Instead, to the dismay of the Great Brahmin, the Rajah in blind fury orders Nikiya`s death. Gamzatti has overheard the conversation and sends her servant Aiya to call the Bayadère. She asks Nikiya to abandon Solor, offers her jewels as a reward. Nikiya refuses and in her despair attacks Gamzatti with a dagger. Aiya stops her, she can escape, Gamzatti swears her death.
Scene Three: In the garden of the palace
The engagement festivities of Solor and Ganzatti. A grand procession opens the festivities during which Solor presents a tiger as bag. The Great Brahmin brings Nikiya as a temple dancer in honour of the ceremony. Nikiya is given a basket with flowers by Aiya, which she takes to be a secret sign of love by Solor. However, it is by the rajah and his daughter who had a snake hidden in it. When Nikiya continues to dance, embracing the small basket, the viper attacks her with a deadly bite. The Great Brahmin offers Nikiya an antidote if only she would accept his love. She refuses it and dies, urging Solor never to forget his vow of love.
Scene Four: The Kingdom of Shades
Solar, haunted by reminiscences of Nikiya, seeks oblivion in opium. He finds himself in the Kingdom of Shades, united with Nikiya who introduces him to the world of shades and reminds him of his vow of eternal fidelity. On awakening he sees his friends and the Rajah who wants to accompany him to his wedding.
Scene Five: In the temple
A ritual procession unites Gamzatti and Solor for their wedding ceremony. The dance of the lotus flowers with Solor`s friends and the dance of the Golden Idol are symbols of the good wishes for beauty and riches to the couple. In the ensuing dance of Solor with Gamzatti Nikiya shade takes part, visible only for Solor. Solor decides in favour of life, of Gamzatti. In the moment of the wedding oath to which the couple is summoned by the Great Brahmin there happens a earthquake. The temple falls in ruins and everybody is buried under them.
Scene Six: Apotheosis
In the world hereafter we see Solor, Nikiya and Gamzatti united in the picture of eternal light.
The Bavarian State Ballet has worked on this version, together with the French choreographer Patrice Bart and the Japanese stage- and costume designer Tomio Mohri. The heart of the piece, the 'Kingdom of Shades' act, the betrothal celebration scene with it ceremonious line filing dance and some elaborate pantomime scenes can be seen in its original version.
The final act, lost in Russia since the beginning of the century, is part a new creation, part reconstruction.
Myron Romanul was born in Baltimore and studied in Boston. Debut as piano Soloist with the Boston Symphony Orcherstra at age of 11.
Performed as a Soloist and member of Boston Symphony Orchestra and Boston Pops Orchestra with Seiji Ozawa, Kurt Mazur, Arthur Fiedler, John Williams and others. Won Grammy Award with New England Conservatory Ragtime Ensemble in 1973 for Best Classical Chamber Music.
Assistant Music Director, Boston Lyric Opera
Principal Conductor Boston Ballet
Conductor & Solo Pianist, Stuttgart Ballet, 1985-1990
2. Kapellmeister & Assistant GMD, Badische Staatstheater Karlsruhe, 1990-1994
1. Kapellmeister & Stellvertreter GMD, Staatstheater Mainz, 1994-1997
1. Kapellmeister, Aalto Theater Essen
Music Director, Fairbanks Summer Arts Festival, since 1985
Principal Guest Conductor, Central Massachusetts Symphony Orchestra, since 1985
Guest Conductor, Ankara State Theater, since 1999
Also plays Cimbalom (Hungarian dulcimer), performed with Pierre Boulez & Speculum Musicae, and recorded film score to Gorky Park
Guest Conductor at the Opéra national du Rhin and in Metz, both in France and at the His Majesty's Theater in Perth, Australia.
Myron Romanul has been conducting performances at both the Bayerische Staatsoper and the Bayerisches Staatsballett since 1987. At the Bayerisches Staatsballett Romanul conducted, amongst others, The Taming of the Shrew, Onegin, Don Quijote, Balanchines Brahms-Schönberg Quartett, Jacopo Godanis After Dark, The Nutcracker, Romeo and Juliet and La Bayadère. He also took over the musical direction of numerous premieres such as Die Silberne Rose, Bombana/Simon/Godani and Le Corsaire, Helden, Der gelbe Klang and Le Sacre du printemps.
(Information as of April 2018)