Choreography Marius Petipa / Ivan Liška · Composer Adolphe Adam / Léo Delibes u.a.
Friday, 30. March 2007
07:30 pm – 09:50 pm
Duration est. 2 hours 20 minutes · 1. Akt (est. 07:30 pm - 08:05 pm ) · 2. Akt (est. 08:05 pm - 08:40 pm ) · Interval (est. 08:40 pm - 09:10 pm ) · 3. Akt (est. 09:10 pm - 09:50 pm )
To List of Performances
- Musikalische Leitung
- Myron Romanul
- Ivan Liška
- Marius Petipa
- Rekonstruktion der Choreographie von Marius Petipa
- Doug Fullington
- Bühne und Kostüme
- Roger Kirk
- Christian Kass
- Musikalische Einrichtung und Dramaturgie
- Maria Babanina
- Soloists and corps de ballet of the Bavarian State Ballet
- Bayerisches Staatsorchester
Pirates are notorious for generating headlines with shock value in today's world. In our romantic fantasies however, they're hopele ssly adventurous, driven by the winds of freedom, constantly on the lookout for beautiful women.
The ballet of the 19th century, motivated by exotic beauty, heros and love stories, is not the only artistic medium in which pirates are immortal. Le Corsaire looks back at an ever-changing, successful history of creation and performance. It seems as though, Lord Byron's Poème of the Corsaire triggered a whole series of pirate ballets that surfaced in a variety of European cities. The version danced by the Bavarian State Ballet was created by a French team centered on Saint-Georges, Mazilier and Adolphe Adam and was premiered in 1856 Paris. Léo Delibes was added to the team just a year later in order to create additional music. The name of choreographer Marius Petipa, a key player in everything great that has come out of 19th century dance, first appears in connection to Le Corsaire as the work traveled to Russia. His re-working granted the piece choreographic immortality.
At the core of Le Corsaire is the love story between the Corsaire Konrad and the Greek Medora who is about to be sold to a Harem. Konrad has to abduct her twice before the two lovers can finally follow the call of love.
A SHIP IN THE STORMY SEAS
Conrad, the noblest of the corsairs, his friend Birbanto and the other corsairs aboard their ship fight against the violence of stormy seas.
MARKETPLACE OF THE TOWN OF ANDRINOPEL. IN THE BACKGROUND THE HOUSE OF LANKEDEM AND MEDORA
It is market day. Traders offer their goods for sale, among them two small slave traders with several young women. Among the customers a group of urchins get up to mischief. Lankedem, the richest merchant in town, is sitting at a table with his servant and slave Ali, his confidant, to play his favourite game of chess.
Dance of the women, entrance of female slaves, variation of Lankedem
Birbanto and the other corsairs appear. Like in every town of the Levante, there is a girl impatiently waiting for Birbanto. Conrad, doubtlessly the leader of the corsairs, is last to appear.
Entrance of Birbanto and the corsairs, variation of Conrad and Birbanto
The beautiful Greek Medora, foster daughter of slave trader Lankedem, attracted by the strange men, appears on the terrace and immediately falls in love with Conrad. She throws a Selam to Conrad, a bouquet of flowers, each with a special meaning. He understands the symbolism and at once falls in love with Medora. Lankedem resents their meeting. In the first variation Medora presents herself as an independent, strong young woman who soon has an encounter with Conrad. Lankedem separates them and angrily sends Medora back into his house.
Grand entrance of the Pasha. Preceded by his spiritual and juridical advisors, Imam and Muphti, accompanied by two eunuchs, he is carried onto the marketplace, to the excitement of merchant and costumers. Slave traders at once present to him their most attractive slave girls in a provocative dance.
But the spoilt Said Pasha is not interested. Lankedem seized upon his chance and presents his special treasure: the slave Gulnara. He leads her to dance a pas de deux with Ali that reveals her cheerful, frivolous character.
Pas d’esclave; pas d’action entrée, adage, variation Ali, variation Gulnara, coda
The Pasha is enchanted and buys Gulnara. She is immediately brought to the harem.
Said Pasha is about to return to his palace when he catches sight of Medora on the terrace of Lankedem’s house. Spellbound he asks Lankedem to present her to him. Lankedem is reluctant. After all Medora is his foster daughter, not a slave. However, he beckons her down to meet the Pasha.
The Pasha wants to buy Medora and tries to allure her with precious gifts which she refuses. Lankedem, too, resists the Pasha’s offers at first. Only when the Pasha offers ten times more then the prize that he was originally prepared to pay, Lankedem agrees. He is to receive the price on delivering Medora to the palace. If he does not take good care of Medora – the Pasha threatens – he is to be beheaded. Medora implores Conrad to rescue her. He plans to elope with her. The slave Ali offers his help.
Conrad’s manoeuvre of abduction begins with a fiery dance of the corsairs with the market women to divert everybody from the planned action.
Dance of the corsairs
The abduction happens very fast: we see Conrad disappear with Medora. The corsairs steal what they can get, above all a group of slave girls. Lankedem entreats Birbanto not to leave him without Medora. Birbanto takes Lankedem with him.
A GROTTO ON THE PIRATE ISLAND
Finally Conrad and Medora are united and happy. The corsair shows Medora her new world.
Entrée Medora – Conrad
The corsairs appear with their loot, the abducted slave girls and Lankedem. They are welcome by their girls. Pistol shots open a dance of joy at their happy return.
Entrance of the corsairs (fugue) and pas de Forbans
Then Medora and Conrad celebrate their happiness in a grand dance. Ali who is now a free corsair, no longer a slave, assures Medora and Conrad of his devotion.
Pas d’action: entrée, adage, variation Conrad, variation Medora, coda
Medora, in her new happiness, asks Conrad to set free the abducted slave girls. A group of the corsairs, led by Birbanto, protest against the plan. In the ensuing fight between Birbanto and Conrad, Conrad wins. The corsairs are split in two groups now.
Scene of quarrel between Conrad and Birbanto, dance of Birbanto and the corsairs
Birbanto plots revenge. Just then Lankedem comes and offers him a pernicious poison. If the powder is sprinkled on a bouquet of flowers anyone who smells their scent will soon fall in a deathlike sleep, be defenceless. They try the effect on one of the pirates. If Birbanto can hand the bouquet to Conrad, he will get his revenge and Lankedem will get back Medora.
Medora and Conrad have withdrawn to some quiet place. In a short solo Medora mocks the pirate life. Conrad is convinced she is the love of his live.
Scène dansante with the variation “Little Corsair” and variation Conrad
Two children present Conrad with a bouquet of flowers as a feigned sign of gratitude from the freed slave girls. Conrad, seeing Medora’s beauty symbolized in the flowers, smells their scent. Soon the poison makes him fall asleep. In vain Medora tries to wake him up.
In disguise Birbanto and his group of corsairs enter. He wants his revenge, wants to kill Conrad and deliver Medora to Lankedem. As he approaches Conrad Medora threatens and wounds him with a knife. Yet she is overpowered by the corsairs and carried away. Birbanto returns to stab Conrad. In the nick of time Ali appears, kills Birbanto and so saves his friend’s life.
Conrad awakes and in despair swears to seek and free Medora
IN THE PALACE OF SAID PASHA
We see a scene of everyday life in the harem. While the Pasha and his devoted eunuchs play at chess – his newest passion, an example of concentration and tactics of government – the women spend their time trying to attract the Pasha’s attention. Especially Gulnara, his present favourite, outdoes herself in playing with the Pasha. The ball he gives her contains a scarf, special sign of his favour. He wants to retreat with her. But mockingly she begins to play with the scarf, hands it to the other women. Finally it is seized by the oldest, Chadidja. Bored, the Pasha turns away.
Dance of the women of the Harem, polka-variation Gulnara, coda
Lankedem appears to deliver his merchandise – Medora. She is in despair. Lankedem demands payment.
Entrée Medora – Lankedem
But the Pasha instead of paying him, threatens to have him whipped.
Lankedem, cheated in his greed by one even greedier, escapes.
Gulnara and the other women lead Medora off to console her with the luxuries of the harem. Three outstanding slaves of the harem, the Odalisques, try to divert the Pasha with their dances.
Pas de Odalisques: entrée, variation1, 2, 3, coda
Gulnara and Medora return, full of excitement: a group of pilgrims on their way to Mekka ask shelter for the night. Gulnara and Medora are soon aware of the pilgrims’ identity – of course Conrad, Ali and the corsairs. They have come to free Medora. She is overjoyed and must try to conceal her happiness. Gulnara, however, realizes immediately that she is not willing to give up the luxury of the harem for the wild freedom of a corsair’s bride.
After a short prayer with his guests, Said Pasha proudly presents them a grand divertissement – the Jardin animé – a living garden of dancing bodies, to demonstrate to them the riches and treasures of his possessions. Medora, certain to be freed very soon, is the centre of the ensemble, and of course Gulnara is one of its most exquisite flowers.
Jardin animé: valse, adage, first interlude, variation Gulnara, second interlude, variation Medora, coda
With the end of this dance scene Said Pasha loses his superiority. The pilgrims unmask themselves as valiant corsairs. In a sudden attack they disperse the troop of the harem and carry off Medora to the coast where the corsair ship is awaiting them. Conrad and Ali dance their happiness into the freedom of the blue horizon.
Variation Conrad and Ali
A SHIP IN STORMY SEAS
The corsair ship is off to new adventures.
Myron Romanul was born in Baltimore and studied in Boston. Debut as piano Soloist with the Boston Symphony Orcherstra at age of 11.
Performed as a Soloist and member of Boston Symphony Orchestra and Boston Pops Orchestra with Seiji Ozawa, Kurt Mazur, Arthur Fiedler, John Williams and others. Won Grammy Award with New England Conservatory Ragtime Ensemble in 1973 for Best Classical Chamber Music.
Assistant Music Director, Boston Lyric Opera
Principal Conductor Boston Ballet
Conductor & Solo Pianist, Stuttgart Ballet, 1985-1990
2. Kapellmeister & Assistant GMD, Badische Staatstheater Karlsruhe, 1990-1994
1. Kapellmeister & Stellvertreter GMD, Staatstheater Mainz, 1994-1997
1. Kapellmeister, Aalto Theater Essen
Music Director, Fairbanks Summer Arts Festival, since 1985
Principal Guest Conductor, Central Massachusetts Symphony Orchestra, since 1985
Guest Conductor, Ankara State Theater, since 1999
Also plays Cimbalom (Hungarian dulcimer), performed with Pierre Boulez & Speculum Musicae, and recorded film score to Gorky Park
Guest Conductor at the Opéra national du Rhin and in Metz, both in France and at the His Majesty's Theater in Perth, Australia.
Myron Romanul has been conducting performances at both the Bayerische Staatsoper and the Bayerisches Staatsballett since 1987. At the Bayerisches Staatsballett Romanul conducted, amongst others, The Taming of the Shrew, Onegin, Don Quijote, Balanchines Brahms-Schönberg Quartett, Jacopo Godanis After Dark, The Nutcracker, Romeo and Juliet and La Bayadère. He also took over the musical direction of numerous premieres such as Die Silberne Rose, Bombana/Simon/Godani and Le Corsaire, Helden, Der gelbe Klang and Le Sacre du printemps.
(Information as of April 2018)