Opera in four acts and epilogue
Composer Arrigo Boito · Libretto by the composer after Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Faust"
In Italian with English and German surtitles | New Production
Thursday, 10. November 2016
07:00 pm – 09:55 pm
Duration est. 2 hours 55 minutes · 1 Interval between 1.+2. Akt and 3. Akt (est. 08:30 pm - 09:00 pm )
Prices L , € - /- /- /- /- /- /- /11
Premiere at 24. October 2015
- Musikalische Leitung
- Paolo Carignani
- Roland Schwab
- Piero Vinciguerra
- Renée Listerdal
- Michael Bauer
- Lea Heutelbeck
- Stefano Giannetti
- Daniel Menne
- Sören Eckhoff
- Stellario Fagone
- Erwin Schrott
- Joseph Calleja
- Ausrine Stundyte
- Heike Grötzinger
- Andrea Borghini
- Karine Babajanyan
- Rachael Wilson
- Galeano Salas
- Bayerisches Staatsorchester
- Chorus and children's chorus of the Bayerische Staatsoper
"The lord of creation has plummeted into the darkest depths and is now so weak that I lack the desire to incite him to do evil." It is a resigned, often cynical devil who Arrigo Boito - also known for being the librettist for Verdi's later masterpieces Otello and Falstaff - distilled from Goethe's two-part Faust tragedy and turned into the protagonist of his only finished opera.
And yet, the "spirit that ever denies" agrees to possibly the most famous wager in the history of literature, that which exemplifies the eternal battle between the principles of good and evil. The subsequent journey of Faust and Mefistofele does more than merely traverse time and space. It also gauges basic, existential situations in which humans deal with evil, by raising the question as to how free sin-wracked individuals are to decide their own destiny. It also asks what the concept of redemption means for humans in modern-day society.
Heavenly hosts praise the Lord, which provokes the ridicule of Mefistofele. He bemoans the pretentious hubris of the human being arising from their belief in rationality. Mefistofele wagers that he will successfully tempt Faust to the evil side.
Faust and his companion Wagner are at a boisterous fair, indulging in romantic views of nature. Without recognising who he is, Faust feels more and more uncomfortable in Mefistofele´s presence. Wagner tries to reassure him.
Mefistofele offers Faust his services. When Faust asks his identity, he claims to be the Spirit that always denies. Cynically he confides to his nihilistic destructive view of the world. Faust makes a pact with Mefistofele. He is willing to exchange his soul for one moment of sheer happiness.
Faust has fallen in love with Margherita. She asks him what he believes in. Faust replies that for him only the ecstasy of love counts. In the meantime, Mefistofele flirts with Marta. Faust would like to be undisturbed with Margherita at her home and so gives her a sleeping potion for her mother.
Mefistofele makes his followers praise him in a wild orgy. Faust believes he sees a handcuffed girl in the distance, a girl with a necklace covered in blood who reminds him of Margherita. However, in order to distract Faust, Mefistofele calls the image an illusion. The crowd falls into more and more excessive dancing.
Margherita awaits her execution in prison. She is accused of murdering her child and her mother. Faust wants to free her from the dungeon. Margherita, however, tortured by her bad conscience, is not willing to follow him. Nevertheless, Faust and Margherita share a short moment of imagining a happy future together. Mefistofele urges Faust to rush, Faust cannot save Margherita anymore.
Faust escapes into an Arcadian dream world where Mefistofele, who accompanies him, feels extremely uncomfortable. Faust now sees the ideal of eternal beauty symbolised by Elena. Together they praise the secret of love.
Faust has reached the end of his life, but has still not experienced the ultimate happiness. Yet, in an ecstatic vision he sees himself as king of a peaceful world; the memories of his past fade away. Engrossed, he conjures the moment. He shall not pass. This way Faust is free from Mefistofele´s influence and dies. For Mefistofele the game begins again, the game of seducing people with evil.
Munich debut performance (scenic)
Paolo Carignani, geboren in Mailand, studierte am Konservatorium seiner Heimatstadt Komposition, Orgel, Klavier und Orchesterdirektion. Zudem nahm er an der International Conductor Masterclass in Hilversum teil. Seither dirigierte er u. a. an den Opernhäusern von New York, Toronto, Tokio, Brüssel, Barcelona, Paris, Wien, Berlin, London, Kopenhagen, Rom, Bologna, Neapel und Genua sowie bei den Bregenzer Festspielen, beim Glyndebourne Festival und beim Rossini Festival in Pesaro. Von 1999 bis 2008 war er Generalmusikdirektor an der Oper Frankfurt. Zuletzt leitete er etwa Macbeth am Théâtre Royal de La Monnaie in Brüssel und Otello an der Staatsoper Hamburg und am New National Theatre in Tokio. An der Bayerischen Staatsoper dirigierte er bisher u. a. La traviata, Macbeth und Nabucco. (Stand 2017)